Glossary of Common Cannabis Terminology
Like any industry, especially a new and thriving one such as the cannabis industry, there tends to be a unique “language” that emerges. If you’re new to cannabis (a.k.a. marijuana), it can be a little intimidating if you’re not familiar with the lingo. So to help everyone, whether you’re an experienced cannabis connoisseur, a newbie or simply rediscovering this splendid herb after a long hiatus, we’ve put together a glossary of some of the most common cannabis terminology, including both slang and scientific.
BHO stands for Butane Hash Oil, a type of cannabis concentrate made using butane as the main solvent. Under this form of cannabis extraction, THC content can be as high as 80-90%. This makes BHO a popular choice for many medical marijuana patients suffering from chronic pain, sleep disorders, and other intractable symptoms. BHO comes in a variety of forms such as shatter, wax, budder, crumble or sap.
CBD is an abbreviation for Cannabidiol — a cannabis compound that has medicinal benefits without making a person feeling “stoned,” because it is non-psychoactive. Patients often turn to strains or products rich in CBDs for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, analgesic, and anti-psychotic properties.
Dab (or Dabbing)
Edibles (a.k.a. Medibles)
Hemp comes from the cannabis sativa L. plant species, like marijuana, but is more fibrous making it a sustainable alternative resource for industrial and commercial purposes. Like marijuana, hemp is still classified as a Schedule 1 Drug with the US Federal Government. However, the THC level in hemp is typically below 1% and is now legal to cultivate in ‘select states’ due to the US Farm Bill in 2014. Hemp can also be imported from other countries (for instance to make CBD tinctures and topicals) as long as the THC level is below .3%. A person can not get “high” from hemp-derived products.
A hybrid is a cross between two genetically different strains of cannabis. Hybrids typically cultivated to mix two or more preferred traits of a plant to product a new powerful combination. Most strains found in dispensaries are usually hybrids which helps create a diverse menu for the cannabis consumer.
A slang term for shatter or BHO
Marijuana is the broad term for a cannabis plant and its flowers that contain several psychoactive ingredients like the popular tetrahydrocannabinol or THC. Marijuana can be found in many forms including dried flower, concentrates, hashish, tinctures, topicals, and extracts.
RSO stands for Rick Simpson Oil. Rick Simpson is a medical marijuana activist who has been sharing his technique to make cannabis oil by reducing the plant matter in a solvent solution (such as alcohol) resulting in a concentration of medically beneficial cannabinoids. There are many commercially produced RSOs on the market today to help treat a variety of medical conditions.
Shatter is a type of cannabis concentrate that is believed to be the purest and most potent type of marijuana product. Shatter, or butane hash oil (BHO), is created through an extraction process to eliminate fats and lipids. It’s typically transparent and breaks easily into fragments. Users can add shatter to a bowl of flower for smoking or use it for dabbing.
Trichomes are crystallized glands that produce resin on a marijuana plant. Often referred to as “sticky little hairs”, these glands are the specific parts of the plant that carry the majority of cannabinoids. Under a microscope, trichomes look like translucent mini mushrooms.